JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hypervitaminosis D mediates compensatory Ca2+ hyperabsorption in TRPV5 knockout mice

Kirsten Y Renkema, Tom Nijenhuis, Bram C J van der Eerden, Annemiete W C M van der Kemp, Harrie Weinans, Johannes P T M van Leeuwen, René J M Bindels, Joost G J Hoenderop
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN 2005, 16 (11): 3188-95
16148038
Vitamin D plays an important role in Ca(2+) homeostasis by controlling Ca(2+) (re)absorption in intestine, kidney, and bone. The epithelial Ca(2+) channel TRPV5 mediates the Ca(2+) entry step in active Ca(2+) reabsorption. TRPV5 knockout (TRPV5(-/-)) mice show impaired Ca(2+) reabsorption, hypercalciuria, hypervitaminosis D, and intestinal hyperabsorption of Ca(2+). Moreover, these mice demonstrate upregulation of intestinal TRPV6 and calbindin-D(9K) expression compared with wild-type mice. For addressing the role of the observed hypervitaminosis D in the maintenance of Ca(2+) homeostasis and the regulation of expression levels of the Ca(2+) transport proteins in kidney and intestine, TRPV5/25-hydroxyvitamin-D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase double knockout (TRPV5(-/-)/1alpha-OHase(-/-)) mice, which show undetectable serum 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels, were generated. TRPV5(-/-)/1alpha-OHase(-/-) mice displayed a significant hypocalcemia compared with wild-type mice (1.10 +/- 0.02 and 2.54 +/- 0.01 mM, respectively; P < 0.05). mRNA levels of renal calbindin-D(28K) (7 +/- 2%), calbindin-D(9K) (32 +/- 4%), Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (12 +/- 2%), and intestinal TRPV6 (40 +/- 8%) and calbindin-D(9K) (26 +/- 4%) expression levels were decreased compared with wild-type mice. Hyperparathyroidism and rickets were present in TRPV5(-/-)/1alpha-OHase(-/-) mice, more pronounced than observed in single TRPV5 or 1alpha-OHase knockout mice. It is interesting that a renal Ca(2+) leak, as demonstrated in TRPV5(-/-) mice, persisted in TRPV5(-/-)/1alpha-OHase(-/-) mice, but a compensatory upregulation of intestinal Ca(2+) transporters was abolished. In conclusion, the elevation of serum 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels in TRPV5(-/-) mice is responsible for the upregulation of intestinal Ca(2+) transporters and Ca(2+) hyperabsorption. Hypervitaminosis D, therefore, is of crucial importance to maintain normocalcemia in impaired Ca(2+) reabsorption in TRPV5(-/-) mice.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16148038
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"