JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha and antiangiogenic activity of farnesyltransferase inhibitor SCH66336 in human aerodigestive tract cancer

Ji-Youn Han, Seung Hyun Oh, Floriana Morgillo, Jeffrey N Myers, Edward Kim, Waun Ki Hong, Ho-Young Lee
Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2005 September 7, 97 (17): 1272-86
16145048

BACKGROUND: The farnesyltransferase inhibitor SCH66336, in combination with other receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, inhibits the growth of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. We examined whether SCH66336 inhibits angiogenesis of aerodigestive tract cancer cells.

METHODS: Antiangiogenic activities of SCH66336 against NSCLC, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and endothelial cells were examined with cell proliferation, capillary tube formation, and chick aorta (under hypoxic, normoxic, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF)-stimulated, and unstimulated conditions); reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction; and western blot analyses. The specific roles of the ubiquitin-mediated proteasome machinery, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and Akt pathways, and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) in the SCH66336-mediated degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) were assessed with ubiquitin inhibitors and adenoviral vectors that express constitutively active MAP kinase kinase (MEK)1, constitutively active Akt, or Hsp90.

RESULTS: SCH66336 showed antiangiogenic activities and decreased the expression of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and HIF-1alpha in hypoxic, IGF-stimulated, and unstimulated aerodigestive tract cancer and endothelial cells. SCH66336 reduced the half-life of the HIF-1alpha protein, and ubiquitin inhibitors protected the hypoxia- or IGF-stimulated HIF-1alpha protein from SCH66336-mediated degradation. SCH66336 inhibited the interaction between HIF-1alpha and Hsp90. The overexpression of Hsp90, but not constitutive Akt or constitutive MEK, restored HIF-1alpha expression in IGF-stimulated or hypoxic cells but not in unstimulated cells.

CONCLUSIONS: SCH66336 appears to inhibit angiogenic activities of NSCLC and HNSCC cells by decreasing hypoxia- or IGF-stimulated HIF-1alpha expression and to inhibit VEGF production by inhibiting the interaction between HIF-1alpha and Hsp90, resulting in the proteasomal degradation of HIF-1alpha.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16145048
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"