JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Prevalence and clinical significance of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in Churg-Strauss syndrome.

OBJECTIVE: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is classified among the so-called antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated systemic vasculitides (AASVs) because of its clinicopathologic features that overlap with the other AASVs. However, while antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) are consistently found in 75-95% of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis, their prevalence in CSS varies widely and their clinical significance remains uncertain. We undertook this study to examine the prevalence and antigen specificity of ANCAs in a large cohort of patients with CSS. Moreover, we evaluated the relationship between ANCA positivity and clinicopathologic features.

METHODS: Immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to determine the presence or absence of ANCAs in 93 consecutive patients at the time of diagnosis. The main clinical and pathologic data, obtained by retrospective analysis, were correlated with ANCA status.

RESULTS: ANCAs were present by immunofluorescence in 35 of 93 patients (37.6%). A perinuclear ANCA (pANCA) pattern was found in 26 of 35 patients (74.3%), with specificity for myeloperoxidase (MPO) in 24 patients, while a cytoplasmic ANCA pattern, with specificity for proteinase 3, was found in 3 of 35 patients (8.6%). Atypical patterns were found in 6 of 30 patients with anti-MPO antibodies (20.0%). ANCA positivity was associated with higher prevalences of renal disease (51.4% versus 12.1%; P < 0.001) and pulmonary hemorrhage (20.0% versus 0.0%; P = 0.001) and, to a lesser extent, with other organ system manifestations (purpura and mononeuritis multiplex), but with lower frequencies of lung disease (34.3% versus 60.3%; P = 0.019) and heart disease (5.7% versus 22.4%; P = 0.042).

CONCLUSION: ANCAs are present in approximately 40% of patients with CSS. A pANCA pattern with specificity for MPO is found in most ANCA-positive patients. ANCA positivity is mainly associated with glomerular and alveolar capillaritis.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app