JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Interstitial lung disease in connective tissue disorders]

Luc Mouthon, Alice Berezné, Michel Brauner, Dominique Valeyre, Loïc Guillevin
Revue de Pneumologie Clinique 2005, 61 (3): 211-9
16142195
Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) associated with connective tissue disorders differ from idiopathic ILD in several aspects, although most of them are comparable. In most patients, ILD occurs during the course, or at the time of diagnosis of connective tissue disease. Opportunistic pulmonary infections, together with adverse effects of treatment should always be discussed. The prevalence of ILD varies among the different connective tissue disorders. Thus, ILD is frequently encountered in patients with systemic sclerosis and to a lesser degree in patients with myositis. As compared to idiopathic ILD, histopathological aspects of ILD associated with connective tissue diseases are more frequently those of non-specific interstitial pneumonia, whereas usual interstitial pneumonia is rare. Other ILD, such as organized pneumonia, interstitial lymphoid pneumonia, diffuse alveolar damage and alveolar hemorrhage are occasionally encountered. ILD must be detected early in the course of collagen disorders by performing computed tomodensitometry and pulmonary function tests. The prognosis of connective tissue associated ILD is better than that of idiopathic ILD. The treatment requires corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressants, depending on the nature of the associated connective tissue disease and ILD progression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16142195
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"