Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1, FGF2, FGF7 and FGF receptors are uniformly expressed in trophoblast giant cells during restricted trophoblast invasion in cows

C Pfarrer, S Weise, B Berisha, D Schams, R Leiser, B Hoffmann, G Schuler
Placenta 2006, 27 (6): 758-70
The bovine placenta is characterized by a limited invasion of trophoblast giant cells (TGC). In contrast to mononuclear trophoblast cells (MTC), TGC are non-polarized cells, which migrate and fuse with single uterine epithelial cells throughout gestation. Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) were shown to be associated with the migratory activity of cells, cell differentiation and angiogenesis, and due to its localization in trophoblast cells were proposed as important regulating factors in hemochorial placentae of rodents and humans, and the (syn)epitheliochorial placenta of pig and sheep. Since migrating bovine TGC are of epithelial origin, but exhibit similarities to mesenchymal cells we hypothesize that the restricted trophoblast invasion in cattle is characterized by a specific FGF expression pattern. Therefore, the spatiotemporal expression of specific FGF factor:receptor pairs, either acting on cells of mesenchymal origin or on epithelial cells was examined in bovine placental tissues throughout gestation and prepartum by immunohistochemistry, semiquantitative RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. FGF1 protein was found in trophoblast, caruncular epithelium (CE) and stroma (CS), stroma of chorionic villi (SCV), and in fetal and maternal blood vessels. FGF2 signals dominated in maternal vascular endothelia (VE), immature TGC, and MTC, whereas staining in other cell types was clearly weaker. FGF7 protein was detected in fetal and maternal blood vessel as well as in immature TGC and MTC predominantly at the chorionic plate. FGFR immunoreaction was localized in immature TGC, MTC, and to a clearly lesser extent in CS, CE and fetal and maternal blood vessels. Mature TGC stained negatively for all examined factors and FGFR. The corresponding mRNAs specific for FGF1, -2, -7, total FGFR, and FGFR2 isoforms IIIb and IIIc were colocalized in immature TGC, whereas hybridization was substantially lower in CE and absent in CS, SCV and mature TGC throughout gestation, but switched to CS and VE immediately prepartum. Semiquantitative RT-PCR revealed higher mRNA levels for FGF1, FGFR, and FGFR2IIIc in cotyledons compared to caruncles (p<0.05), whereas it was the opposite with FGF2 (p<0.001). FGF7 and FGFR2IIIb mRNA levels did not differ between caruncles and cotyledons. Significant changes (p<0.05) of mRNA levels related to gestational age were found for FGF1 and FGFR2IIIc, but not for FGF2, -7, total FGFR, and FGFR2IIIb. The specific localization of all examined FGF family members in TGC suggests that TGC, apart from their classical function as producers of hormonal products, play other important roles in the regulation of bovine placentomal growth, differentiation and angiogenesis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"