JOURNAL ARTICLE

The safety and efficacy of photorefractive keratectomy after laser in situ keratomileusis

Naazli M Shaikh, Curt E Wee, Stephen C Kaufman
Journal of Refractive Surgery 2005, 21 (4): 353-8
16128332

PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of performing photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in corneas previously treated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery.

METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 14 patients who had initially received LASIK for the treatment of myopia and compound myopic astigmatism were evaluated. Variables included existence of and/or type of flap complication associated with the original LASIK procedure, refractions before and after (3 and 6 months) PRK, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and the development of complications after PRK such as haze, scarring, double vision, or ghosting.

RESULTS: All 15 eyes were available for analysis at 6 months. Eleven eyes had experienced flap complications during the initial LASIK procedure and 4 eyes had experienced complications in the LASIK postoperative period. Characteristics prior to performing PRK included 11 myopic and 4 hyperopic eyes. By 6 months after PRK treatment, 87% of eyes had UCVA > or = 20/40, 53% had > or = 20/25, and 40% had > or = 20/20. All eyes had BSCVA of > or = 20/30, with 73% being > or = 20/20. No eye had lost 2 lines of BSCVA and only 1 eye lost 1 line of BSCVA. Sixty percent of eyes were within 1.0 diopters (D) of emmetropia, and 40% were within 0.5 D of emmetropia. A trend towards undercorrection and surgical induction of astigmatism as confirmed by vector analysis was noted. No eye developed significant haze or scarring.

CONCLUSIONS: Photorefractive keratectomy may be a safe procedure to perform in corneas previously treated with LASIK surgery. Results show good reduction of refractive error and improvement of UCVA and BSCVA. A significant undercorrection of astigmatism was attributed to surgically induced astigmatism. Further studies are necessary to determine the long-term safety and stability of outcomes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16128332
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.