Coexpression of AT1 and AT2 receptors by human fibroblasts is associated with resistance to angiotensin II

María Galindo, Begoña Santiago, Guillermo Palao, Irene Gutierrez-Cañas, Juan Carlos Ramirez, José Luis Pablos
Peptides 2005, 26 (9): 1647-53
Angiotensin II (AngII) is considered as a cytokine-like factor displaying a variety of proinflammatory and profibrotic cellular effects. Most of these effects seem mediated by AT1 signaling, whereas AT2 expression and function in adult human cells remain unclear. We have studied AT1 and AT2 expression in different human adult fibroblasts types and analyze their response to AngII. AngII did not induce thymidine incorporation, apoptosis nor collagen gene or protein expression in human fibroblasts. Specific AT1 or AT2 inhibitors did not modify this apparent resistance to AngII. We found abundant expression of both AT1 and AT2 receptors in all human fibroblasts studied, whereas vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) which only expressed AT1 receptor, displayed a clear AT1-dependent proliferative response to AngII. These data demonstrate that cultured human adult fibroblasts express both AT1 and AT2 receptor types and this phenomenon is associated with a lack of growth or collagen synthesis responses to AngII.

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