OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Disparities in maternal outcomes among four ethnic populations

Jay J Shen, Catherine Tymkow, Nancy MacMullen
Ethnicity & Disease 2005, 15 (3): 492-7
16108310

OBJECTIVE: To examine racial disparities in adverse maternal outcomes among four ethnic groups in the United States.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1,030,350 women aged 13 to 55 who delivered in 1998 and 1999. Data were abstracted from the National Inpatient Sample.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Race was categorized as White, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander. Maternal outcome measures included preterm labor, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes, antepartum hemorrhage, membrane disorders, cesarean section, and postpartum hemorrhage.

RESULTS: African Americans were more likely to have preterm labor (odds ratio [OR] 1.71), preeclampsia (OR 1.59), transient hypertension of pregnancy (THP) (OR 1.13), pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (OR 1.38), diabetes (OR 1.26), placenta previa (OR 1.78), placental abruption (OR 1.52), premature rupture of membranes (PRM) (OR 1.19), infection of the amniotic cavity (IAC) (OR 1.95), and cesarean section (risk ratio [RR] 1.08); Hispanics were more likely to have diabetes (OR 1.44), placenta previa (OR 1.20), IAC (OR 1.15), and cesarean section (RR 1.06); and Asian/Pacific Islanders were more likely to have diabetes (OR 2.05), placenta previa (OR 1.57), PRM (OR 1.26), IAC (1.79), and postpartum hemorrhage (OR 1.19).

CONCLUSIONS: African Americans had the worst outcomes when adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics and comorbidities. Infection, gestational diabetes, and control of hypertension, especially among African Americans, are the most significant preventable risk factors contributing to disparities. By increasing access to health services, health education, and appropriate perinatal care in minority populations, improvements are likely to occur across multiple measures including frequencies of preterm labor, cesarean section, and gestational diabetes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16108310
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"