The effect of anodal stimulation on V-V timing at varying V-V intervals

Berry M van Gelder, Frank A Bracke, Albert Meijer
Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE 2005, 28 (8): 771-6
We studied the effect of anodal capture at the ring electrode of the right ventricular (RV) lead on interventricular (V-V) timing during biventricular (BiV) pacing, in which left ventricular (LV) pacing was preceding RV pacing. The V-V interval was programmed from 80 to 4 ms (LV first) in the LV unipolar (LV tip--generator can) followed by the LV tip-RV ring pacing configuration. In the LV unipolar configuration, V-V programming leads to a continuous change in morphology of the QRS complex according to a change in collision of both activation fronts. When using the LV tip-RV ring configuration with anodal capture at the RV ring electrode no change in QRS morphology was recorded varying the V-V interval from 80 to 60 and 40 ms. However, at V-V intervals between 20 and 4 ms a change in morphology of the QRS complex was recorded, which was due to additional cathodal stimulation of the RV tip electrode during RV stimulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"