COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Amelioration of doxorubicin-induced myocardial oxidative stress and immunosuppression by grape seed proanthocyanidins in tumour-bearing mice

Xiao-Yu Zhang, Wen-Guang Li, Yong-Jie Wu, Ming-Tang Gao
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2005, 57 (8): 1043-52
16102261
We have investigated the protective effects of grape seed proanthocyanidins on doxorubicin-induced toxicity in tumour-bearing mice. The intraperitoneal administration of doxorubicin (2 mg kg(-1) every other day, cumulative dosage for 18 mg kg(-1)) significantly inhibited the growth of sarcoma 180, and induced myocardial oxidative stress with decreased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activity while increasing malondialdehyde formation in the heart or serum. Doxorubicin-induced myocardial oxidative stress also reduced lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase activity in the heart and elevated their levels in the serum. Doxorubicin also affected immune functions of tumour-bearing mice with significantly decreased interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) production, and slightly decreased natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity, lymphocyte proliferation and CD4+/CD8+ ratio. It markedly increased the percentages of cytotoxic T cells (CD3+CD8+), helper T cells (CD3+CD4+), IL-2R+CD4+, and IL-2R+ cells as compared with untreated tumour-bearing mice. The intragastric administration of proanthocyanidin (200 mg kg(-1) daily) significantly inhibited tumour growth, and increased NK cell cytotoxicity, lymphocyte proliferation, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, IL-2 and INF-gamma production. Moreover, proanthocyanidin strongly enhanced the anti-tumour effect of doxorubicin and the above immune responses, and completely eliminated myocardial oxidative stress induced by doxorubicin. In conclusion, intragastric administration of proanthocyanidin could enhance the anti-tumour activity of doxorubicin and ameliorate doxorubicin-induced myocardial oxidative stress and immunosuppression in tumour-bearing mice.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16102261
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"