JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Isolation of pathogenic Legionella species and legionella-laden amoebae in dental unit waterlines.

Legionella released into the air during treatment are a potential source of infection. Water stagnation in dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) creates biofilms and promotes the proliferation of these micro-organisms. This study investigated the presence of amoeba infected with legionella, L. pneumophila and other pathogenic Legionella species in a dental teaching hospital. Water samples were collected in the morning and afternoon from 99 dental units and 16 taps connected to the municipal water supply. Samples were plated on selective media and tested for legionella using the direct immunofluorescent antibody technique and the latex agglutination test. Legionella were found in 33% of the DUWLs and in 47% of the mains taps supplying these units. Legionella-laden amoebae occurred in one mains tap sample and in 20% of DUWLs in a clinic of the teaching hospital. L. micdadei was the predominant species isolated from this clinic. L. pneumophila serogroups 2-14 predominated in the mains water, whereas L. pneumophila serogroup 1 was found in approximately half of the contaminated DUWLs and mains taps irrespective of the time of sampling. Pathogenic Legionella species seeded by municipal water into DUWLs is a potential source of legionella infection for both dental personnel and patients during prolonged dental treatment. This problem is compounded by the presence of legionella-laden amoebae which may contain levels of organism well within the infective dose. The interaction of legionella with amoebae is an important ecological factor that may significantly increase the risk of legionellosis, and thus should be given further consideration in the refinement of risk assessment models.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app