A randomized trial comparing clopidogrel versus ticlopidine therapy in patients undergoing infarct artery stenting for acute myocardial infarction with abciximab as adjunctive therapy

Guido Parodi, Roberto Sciagrà, Angela Migliorini, Gentian Memisha, Guia Moschi, Renato Valenti, Alberto Pupi, David Antoniucci
American Heart Journal 2005, 150 (2): 220

AIM: To evaluate the impact of a clopidogrel therapy on the effectiveness of myocardial reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing routine infarct-related artery (IRA) stent implantation and receiving routine abciximab therapy.

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory processes after mechanical restoration of flow in AMI play a central role in decreasing the effectiveness of reperfusion at microcirculatory level. Several studies suggest that clopidogrel may exert a protective effect against adverse cardiovascular events by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties.

METHODS: A total of 133 patients with a first ST-elevation AMI were randomized to clopidogrel (600-mg loading dose before IRA stenting followed by 75 mg daily, n = 66) or ticlopidine (500 mg before IRA stenting followed by 250 mg twice daily, n = 67). The primary end point was scintigraphic infarct size at 1 month. The secondary end points were ST-segment elevation resolution within 3 hours of procedure and 1-month clinical outcome, as a composite of death, reinfarction, target vessel revascularization, and stroke within 1 month of the index procedure.

RESULTS: The 1-month technetium 99m sestamibi scintigraphy revealed similar infarct size (16.2% +/- 14.6% vs 15.0% +/- 14.1%, P = .703) and severity (0.48 +/- 0.18 vs 0.49 +/- 0.15, P = .592) in the clopidogrel group as compared with the ticlopidine group. Three-hour ST-segment resolution rate was similar in the 2 study groups (86% vs 89%, P = .642). At 1 month, there was no difference in major cardiovascular adverse event rate (3% vs 3%, P = .988). Discontinuation of thienopiridine therapy within the first month occurred in no patient randomized to clopidogrel and in 3 (4.5%) patients randomized to ticlopidine (P = .082).

CONCLUSION: Clopidogrel has no impact on the effectiveness of myocardial reperfusion in patients with AMI treated routinely with stenting and abciximab. However, clopidogrel, administered as a 600-mg loading dose followed by 75 mg daily, is safe and at least as effective as the standard ticlopidine therapy in this subgroup of patients.

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