JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mucocutaneous findings in febrile neutropenic children with acute leukemias

Siriwan Wananukul, Issarang Nuchprayoon, Hathaipan Siripanich
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 2005, 88 (6): 817-23
16083222
Febrile neutropenia is common in children with leukemia. Mucous membrane and skin are most common portals of entry for microorganisms in these patients. The aim of the present study was to find the prevalence of mucocutaneous findings infebrile neutropenic leukemic children. The authors prospectively examined children with fever with neutropenia in acute leukemia, aged 1-15 years, who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, between September 2000 and August 2001. During the study period, 46 children had 116 admissions, 51 of which were due to febrile neutropenia. Their cancer diagnoses were ALL (76%) and ANLL (24%). The prevalence of mucocutaneous findings was 86% (61% were from infections, 22% from mucositis and 4% from chemical phlebitis). Other detected sites of infection were lower respiratory tract (36%), urinary tract (32%), upper respiratory tract (11%), septicemia (11%) and unidentified (35%). Thirty-four percent of the patients had more than one site of infection. Gram-negative septicemia was the most common infection (15cases/71%) followed by gram positive (4cases/19%) and candida (2cases/10%). The prevalence of infection was found in severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count, ANC less than 500 cell/cu mm), moderate neutropenia (ANC, 500-1000 cell/cu mm) and mild neutropenia (ANC, 1001-1500 cell/cu mm) was 72%, 9% and 5%, respectively. Infection in patients in the severe neutropenia group was significantly more common than in moderate mild neutropenia groups (p < 0.01). Seven patients (15%) died, all of them had severe and prolonged neutropenia, for more than 7 days. Daily physical examination of skin and mucous membrane are suggested for proper and prompt diagnosis and treatment of febrile neutropenic children with acute leukemia to reduce mortality and morbidity in these patients. A Guideline for the use of antimicrobial agents in neutropenic patients with acute leukemia is proposed In conclusion, infection was commonly found in severe neutropenia. Mucocutaneous infection was the most common site of infection infebrile neutropenia in children with leukemia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16083222
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.