CT60 single nucleotide polymorphism of the CTLA-4 gene is associated with susceptibility to Graves' disease in the Taiwanese population

Yu-Ching Weng, Ming-Jiuan Wu, Wei-Sen Lin
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 2005, 35 (3): 259-64
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune disease but the underlying etiology has not been completely elucidated. Genetic susceptibility has been believed to play a major role. Recent studies showed that the CT60 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), which is in the 3'-noncoding region of the CTLA-4 gene, is strongly associated with some immune-mediated diseases. The aim of this study was to test for association between GD susceptibility and polymorphisms of CTLA-4 (ie, the CT60 SNP and the exon 1 +49 SNP) in the Taiwanese population. Our results demonstrate significant differences in the frequencies of the genotypes and alleles between 107 GD patients and 101 control subjects in the CT60 and exon 1 +49 SNPs (p <0.05). Significant differences in phenotypes were only found for CT60 SNP (78.4% vs 67.8% between patients and controls; chi2 = 3.93, p = 0.047). Furthermore, we found that the G/G genotype of both CT60 and exon 1 +49 was associated with increased risk for GD (p = 0.022, OR = 1.97). Significant linkage disequilibrium was found between the CT60 SNP and the exon 1 +49 SNP in both GD patients and control subjects (D' = 1.00). Because of tight linkage disequilibrium, a combination of these SNPs enhanced the role of the CTLA-4 gene in GD. The frequency of the disease-susceptible G allele of CT60 was comparable to that in Japanese and higher than in Caucasians. In conclusion, we provide evidence that CT60 SNP is associated with susceptibility to GD in the Taiwanese population.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"