Comparative genomics on SFRP2 orthologs

Masuko Katoh, Masaru Katoh
Oncology Reports 2005, 14 (3): 783-7
SFRP1, SFRP2, SFRP3, SFRP4, SFRP5, DKK1, DKK2, DKK3, DKK4, and WIF1 are soluble modulators of WNT signaling. SFRP2 gene at human chromosome 4q31.3 is claimed as a tumor suppressor gene inactivated by the epigenetic CpG hypermethylation in colorectal cancer. SFRP2 methylation is a sensitive single DNA-based marker for the fecal screening of colorectal cancer. On the other hand, SFRP2 is claimed to induce cellular resistance to apoptosis in mammary tumors. Here, we identified and characterized the rat Sfrp2 gene by using bioinformatics. Rat Sfrp2 gene, consisting of three exons, was located within AC129161.3 genome sequence. Rat Sfrp2 gene was found to encode a 295-aa Sfrp2 protein, consisting of signal peptide, Frizzled domain with ten conserved Cys residues, and Netrin (NTR) domain with six conserved Cys residues. Rat Sfrp2 showed 98.6% and 97.6% total-amino-acid identity with mouse Sfrp2 and human SFRP2, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that Sfrp2 orthologs were more related to Sfrp1 and Sfrp5 orthologs than to Sfrp3 and Sfrp4 orthologs. Human SFRP2 promoter (nucleotide position 71417-71152 of AC020703.7 genome sequence) and rat Sfrp2 promoter (nucleotide position 184090-184357 of AC129161.3 genome sequence) showed 88.7% total nucleotide identity. GC content of human SFRP2 promoter was 63.9%. Binding site for POU domain transcription factors (POU2F1, POU2F2, etc.) was conserved between human SFRP2 promoter and rat Sfrp2 promoter. SFRP2 mRNA was expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells, diffuse type gastric cancer with signet ring cell features, pancreatic cancer, colorectal cancer, retinoblastoma, and insulinoma. This is the first report on comparative integromics analyses on SFRP2 orthologs.

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