Isoflurane preconditioning protects motor neurons from spinal cord ischemia: its dose-response effects and activation of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channel

Hee-Pyoung Park, Young-tae Jeon, Jung-won Hwang, Hoon Kang, Seung-Woon Lim, Chong-Sung Kim, Yong-Seok Oh
Neuroscience Letters 2005 October 21, 387 (2): 90-4
We examined in a rabbit model of transient spinal cord ischemia (SCI) whether isoflurane (Iso) preconditioning induces ischemic tolerance to SCI in a dose-response manner, and whether this effect is dependent on mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium (K(ATP)) channel. Eighty-six rabbits were randomly assigned to 10 groups: Control group (n=8) received no pretreatment. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) group (n=8) received 5 min of IPC 30 min before SCI. The Iso 1, Iso 2 and Iso 3 groups (n=10, 9, 8) underwent 30 min of 1.05, 2.1 and 3.15% Iso inhalation commencing 45 min before SCI. The Iso 1HD, Iso 2HD and Iso 3HD groups (n=9, 9, 8) each received a specific mitochondrial K(ATP) channel blocker, 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5HD, 20mg/kg), 5 min before each respective Iso inhalation. The 5HD group (n=8) received 5HD without Iso inhalation. The sham group (n=9) had no SCI. SCI was produced by infra-renal aortic occlusion via the inflated balloon of a Swan-Ganz catheter for 20 min. The Iso 1, Iso 2 and Iso 3 groups showed a better neurologic outcome and more viable motor nerve cells (VMNCs) in the anterior spinal cord 72 h after reperfusion than the control group (p<0.05). Iso 3 group showed a better neurologic outcome and more VMNCs than Iso 1 group (p<0.05). And, the Iso 1, Iso 2 and Iso 3 groups showed a better neurologic outcome and higher VMNC numbers than the corresponding Iso 1HD, Iso 2HD and Iso 3HD groups (p<0.05). This study demonstrates that Iso preconditioning protects the spinal cord against neuronal damage due to SCI in a dose-response manner via the activation of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels.

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