Hypersensitivity reactions to paracetamol in children: a study of 25 cases

K Boussetta, C Ponvert, C Karila, M Le Bourgeois, J Blic, P Scheinmann
Allergy 2005, 60 (9): 1174-7

BACKGROUND: Allergic-like reactions to paracetamol (acetaminophen) are rare. Paracetamol allergic and nonallergic hypersensitivity (HS) has been diagnosed in a few patients with skin and/or respiratory symptoms, immediate and accelerated urticaria, and angioedema especially. Most patients with HS to paracetamol were also hypersensitive to anti-inflammatory drugs (i.e. acetylsalicylic acid, ASA), suggesting that their reactions resulted from a nonallergic HS. However, anaphylactic reactions, and potentially harmful toxidermias, such as acute generalized exanthematic pustulosis and toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been related to specific paracetamol allergic HS, with tolerance to anti-inflammatory drugs.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the results of a study performed in 25 children with suspected paracetamol HS. Diagnosis of paracetamol HS was based on a suggestive clinical history and a positive response in an oral challenge (OC) test.

RESULTS: Paracetamol HS was diagnosed in only one child (4%). In this child, a positive response to an OC with ASA diagnosed HS to anti-inflammatory drugs.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results in children agree with those of the literature, showing that paracetamol HS is rare, and is associated with HS to anti-inflammatory drugs in most patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"