Torsemide versus furosemide after continuous renal replacement therapy due to acute renal failure in cardiac surgery patients

Ortrud Vargas Hein, M Staegemann, D Wagner, C von Heymann, M Martin, S Morgera, C Spies
Renal Failure 2005, 27 (4): 385-92
Diuretic therapy in ARF (acute renal failure) is mainly done with loop diuretics, first of all furosemide. Torsemide has a longer duration of action and does not accumulate in renal failure. In chronic and acute renal failure, both diuretics have been effectively applied, with a more pronounced diuretic effect for torsemide. In this study, the effects of torsemide versus furosemide on renal function in cardiac surgery patients recovering from ARF after continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were studied. Twenty-nine critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit at a university teaching hospital after cardiac surgery recovering from ARF after CRRT were included in this prospective, controlled, single-center, open-labeled, randomized clinical trial. Inclusion criteria were urine output >0.5 mL/kg/h over 6 h under CRRT. Torsemide and furosemide dosages were adjusted with the target urine output being 0.8-1.5 mL/kg/h. Hemodynamic data, urine output, volume balance, serum creatinine clearance, electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, renin, and aldosterone concentrations were measured. Fourteen patients were included in the furosemide group and 15 patients in the torsemide group. Dosages of 29 (0-160) mg torsemide and a dosage of 60 (0-240) mg furosemide were given every 6 h in each group, respectively. The dosage given at the end of the study decreased significantly in furosemide and torsemide treated patients. Urine output, 24 h balance, and serum creatinine clearance did not differ significantly between groups. Urine output decreased in both groups, mostly dose-dependent in the torsemide group. The intragroup comparison of the first time-interval after inclusion with the last time-interval showed a significant increase in serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen in the furosemide group. Renin and aldosterone concentrations did not show significant differences. In conclusion, torsemide and furosemide were effective in increasing urine output. Torsemide might show a better dose-dependent diuretic effect in ARF patients after CRRT treatment. Serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen elimination were less pronounced in the furosemide group.

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