Mutant IkappaBalpha suppresses hypoxia-induced VEGF expression through downregulation of HIF-1alpha and COX-2 in human glioma cells

Yoshihira Kimba, Tatsuya Abe, Jian Liang Wu, Ryo Inoue, Minoru Fukiki, Kimitoshi Kohno, Hidenori Kobayashi
Oncology Research 2005, 15 (3): 139-49
Our previous study demonstrated that mutant IkappaBalpha (IkappaBalphaM) could inhibit glioma angiogenesis and tumorigenesis through the downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and IL-8. However, the pathways involved in VEGF expression are not well understood. Growing evidence indicates that hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and cyclooxygenases-2 (COX-2) play important roles in this progression. In this study, we first examined the expressions of hypoxia-induced genes in human glioma cells transfected with IkappaBalphaM (IN500deltaM) or control plasmid (IN500delta) in vitro. We found that hypoxic stress induced the expressions of HIF-1alpha, COX-2, and VEGF, and that IkappaBalphaM completely suppressed these expressions in vitro. Next, we injected these glioma cells into nude mice. After 3 weeks, the mice were moved to a hypoxic chamber (10% oxygen) for 3, 12, 24, 48, 96, or 144 h. The expressions of HIF-1alpha, COX-2, and VEGF in vivo were then analyzed by Northern blot and immunohistochemistry. IkappaBalphaM suppressed the expression of hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha gene in vivo, but hypoxic stress induced the expression of COX-2 after 72 h. VEGF induction followed after 96 h of hypoxia in IN500deltaM cells. These findings suggest that VEGF expression appears to be regulated through dual interdependent mechanisms involving HIF-1 and COX-2 genes, and IkappaBalphaM could inhibit VEGF expression through these two pathways. Thus, IkappaBalphaM is identified as a pivotal factor in angiogenesis and is a potential target for neoplasm therapy.

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