JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mutant IkappaBalpha suppresses hypoxia-induced VEGF expression through downregulation of HIF-1alpha and COX-2 in human glioma cells

Yoshihira Kimba, Tatsuya Abe, Jian Liang Wu, Ryo Inoue, Minoru Fukiki, Kimitoshi Kohno, Hidenori Kobayashi
Oncology Research 2005, 15 (3): 139-49
16050135
Our previous study demonstrated that mutant IkappaBalpha (IkappaBalphaM) could inhibit glioma angiogenesis and tumorigenesis through the downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and IL-8. However, the pathways involved in VEGF expression are not well understood. Growing evidence indicates that hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and cyclooxygenases-2 (COX-2) play important roles in this progression. In this study, we first examined the expressions of hypoxia-induced genes in human glioma cells transfected with IkappaBalphaM (IN500deltaM) or control plasmid (IN500delta) in vitro. We found that hypoxic stress induced the expressions of HIF-1alpha, COX-2, and VEGF, and that IkappaBalphaM completely suppressed these expressions in vitro. Next, we injected these glioma cells into nude mice. After 3 weeks, the mice were moved to a hypoxic chamber (10% oxygen) for 3, 12, 24, 48, 96, or 144 h. The expressions of HIF-1alpha, COX-2, and VEGF in vivo were then analyzed by Northern blot and immunohistochemistry. IkappaBalphaM suppressed the expression of hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha gene in vivo, but hypoxic stress induced the expression of COX-2 after 72 h. VEGF induction followed after 96 h of hypoxia in IN500deltaM cells. These findings suggest that VEGF expression appears to be regulated through dual interdependent mechanisms involving HIF-1 and COX-2 genes, and IkappaBalphaM could inhibit VEGF expression through these two pathways. Thus, IkappaBalphaM is identified as a pivotal factor in angiogenesis and is a potential target for neoplasm therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16050135
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"