JOURNAL ARTICLE

Roles of reactive oxygen species in angiopoietin-1/tie-2 receptor signaling

Rania Harfouche, Nelly Abdel Malak, Ralf P Brandes, Aly Karsan, Kaikobad Irani, Sabah N A Hussain
FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2005, 19 (12): 1728-30
16049136
In this study we identified the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in signaling and biological effects of the angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)/tie-2 receptor pathway. Exposure of human umbilical vein endothelial cells to Ang-1 (50 ng/ml) induced rapid and transient production of ROS, particularly superoxide anions. ROS production was attenuated by preincubation with a peptide (gp91ds-tat) that inhibits the association of the gp91(phox) subunit with the p47(phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase and by the expression of a dominant-negative form of Rac-1 (Rac1N17). These results suggest that ROS production in response to Ang-1 exposure originates mainly from a Rac-1-dependent NADPH oxidase. Overexpression of antioxidants (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and Rac1N17, as well as preincubation with selective inhibitors of NADPH oxidase augmented basal p38 phosphorylation, inhibited Ang-1-induced PAK-1 phosphorylation and potentiated Ang-1-induced Erk1/2 phosphorylation but had no influence on AKT and SAPK/JNK phosphorylation by Ang-1. Exposure to Ang-1 (100 ng/ml) for 5 h induced a threefold increase in endothelial cell migration, a response that was strongly inhibited by overexpression of antioxidants, Rac1N17, and selective NADPH oxidase inhibitors. We conclude that activation of tie-2 receptors by Ang-1 triggers the production of ROS through activation of NADPH oxidase and that ROS generation by Ang-1 promotes endothelial cell migration while negatively regulating Erk1/2 phosphorylation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16049136
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"