OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Cinnamophilin reduces oxidative damage and protects against transient focal cerebral ischemia in mice

E-Jian Lee, Hung-Yi Chen, Ming-Yang Lee, Tsung-Ying Chen, Yun-Shang Hsu, Yu-Ling Hu, Guan-Liang Chang, Tian-Shung Wu
Free Radical Biology & Medicine 2005 August 15, 39 (4): 495-510
16043021
Acute neuroprotective effects of cinnamophilin (CINN; (8R, 8'S)-4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-7-oxo-8, 8'-neolignan), a novel antioxidant and free radical scavenger, were studied in a mouse model of transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. CINN was administered intraperitoneally either 15 min before (pretreatment) or 2 h after the onset of MCA occlusion (postischemic treatment). Relative to vehicle-treated controls, animals pretreated with CINN, at 20-80 mg/kg, had significant reductions in brain infarction by 33-46% and improvements in neurobehavioral outcome. Postischemic administration with CINN (80 mg/kg) also significantly reduced brain infarction by 43% and ameliorated neurobehavioral deficits. Additionally, CINN administration significantly attenuated in situ accumulation of superoxide anions (O2-) in the boundary zones of infarct at 4 h after reperfusion. Consequently, CINN-treated animals exhibited significantly decreased levels of oxidative damage, as assessed by immunopositive reactions for 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), and the resultant inflammatory reactions at 24 h post-insult. It is concluded that CINN effectively reduced brain infarction and improved neurobehavioral outcome following a short-term recovery period after severe transient focal cerebral ischemia in mice. The finding of a decreased extent of reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage observed with CINN treatment highlights that its antioxidant and radical scavenging ability is contributory.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16043021
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"