RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
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Is patient age a factor in the occurrence of prostate-specific antigen bounce phenomenon after external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer?

Urology 2005 August
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of patient age on the occurrence of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) "bounce" after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer.

METHODS: In this study, 964 patients received EBRT alone for prostate cancer between April 1987 and January 1998 who had been followed for at least 12 months. Prostate-specific antigen values were obtained every 3 to 6 months after radiotherapy. Median overall follow-up was 48 months. Prostate-specific antigen bounce was defined as an initial increase in serum PSA of at least 0.5 ng/mL, followed by a decrease to prebounce baseline serum PSA values, all within 60 months after EBRT. Biochemical failure was defined as three consecutive increases in posttreatment PSA concentration after achieving a nadir. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influences of age, pretreatment PSA concentration, Gleason score (determined at biopsy), clinical T stage classification, and radiation dose on PSA bounce-free survival and biochemical disease-free survival, with P < 0.05 considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: Twelve percent of the patients developed a PSA bounce. Age was not associated with the occurrence of a PSA bounce (P = 0.63), the magnitude of the PSA bounce (P = 0.90), or the duration of the PSA bounce (P = 0.39). Patients who had PSA bounce had a statistically significant higher biochemical disease-free survival than those who did not (P = 0.00004).

CONCLUSIONS: In our study, age was not predictive of PSA bounce. However, younger patients with a rising PSA after radiotherapy should be followed closely for evidence of biochemical failure.

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