JOURNAL ARTICLE

The accuracy of urine dipsticks as a screening test for proteinuria in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

R Gangaram, P J Ojwang, J Moodley, D Maharaj
Hypertension in Pregnancy 2005, 24 (2): 117-23
16036396

BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is used as a criterion in the classification system for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy including preeclampsia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of dipstick urinalysis in a single voided urine sample and in an aliquot of a 24-hour urine collection in the assessment of proteinuria in hypertensive pregnant women, using the 24-hour urine protein excretion as the gold standard.

METHODS: One hundred ninety-eight women who presented with hypertension in pregnancy were recruited at the antenatal clinic at King Edward VIII Hospital in Durban, South Africa, a tertiary referral center. Exclusion criteria included women with eclampsia, urinary tract infection, and chronic renal disease. Routine dipstick urinalysis (Bayer) was performed by midwives for proteinuria, and a 24-hour urine specimen was collected for quantitative protein assessment. A laboratory technician performed urine dipstick test for protein on a mixed aliquot of the 24-hour urine specimen. This result, together with that of the screening dipstick urinalysis, was compared to the 24-hour urine protein excretion.

RESULTS: The results of the 198 patients were analyzed, of the total, 72 had preeclampsia. Using a value of = 0.3 g protein excretion per 24 hours (1 + to 4 + on urine dipsticks) as positive, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for dipstick urinalysis were calculated. The positive predictive value for dipstick urinalysis ranged from 64.9% (single voided urine sample) to 94.2% (24-hour urine aliquot). The negative predictive value ranged from 75.2% (single voided urine sample) to 84.2% (24-hour urine aliquot).

CONCLUSION: Dipstick urinalysis is not very accurate: therefore, all women presenting with hypertension during pregnancy should have a 24-hour urine protein measurement.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16036396
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"