Emergency care in facial trauma—a maxillofacial and ophthalmic perspective

Michael Perry, Anne Dancey, Kamiar Mireskandari, Peter Oakley, Simon Davies, Malcolm Cameron
Injury 2005, 36 (8): 875-96
Facial trauma, with or without life- and sight-threatening complications, may arise following isolated injury, or it may be associated with significant injuries elsewhere. Assessment needs to be both systematic and repeated, with the establishment of clearly stated priorities in overall care. Although the American College of Surgeons Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) system of care is generally accepted as the gold standard in trauma care, it has potential pitfalls when managing maxillofacial injuries, which are discussed. Management of facial trauma can arguably be regarded as "facial orthopaedics", as both specialities share common management principles. This review outlines a working approach to the identification and management of life- and sight-threatening conditions following significant facial trauma.

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