[QTL analysis of low-temperature-sensitive pollen sterility in Indica-japonica hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.)]

Jie Yang, Hu-Qu Zhai, Cai-Lin Wang, Wei-Gong Zhong, Jiang-Shi Zou, H Ikehashi, Jian-Min Wan
Yi Chuan Xue Bao, Acta Genetica Sinica 2005, 32 (5): 507-13
There existed a number of biological constraints in exploiting the heterosis of indica-japonica hybrid rice. The low-temperature-sensitive sterility (LTSS) of indica-japonica hybrid has become one of the major problems in indica-japonica hybrid rice breeding after the solution of poor fertility of the hybrids by the finding of wide-compatibility gene. Previous studies revealed that the LTSS might be caused by low-temperature-sensitive pollen sterility (LTSPS). However, the genetic basis of LTSPS remained unclear. To explore the genetic basis of LTSPS in indica-japonica hybrid rice, an F2 genetic population derived from 3037 (indica) and 02428 (japonica) was developed. At the booting stage, pollen fertility of F2 population together with parents were surveyed after the treatment with low temperature daily average of 21-23 degrees C. The linkage map was constructed containing 108 SSR markers distributed throughout the whole 12 chromosomes with average marker interval of 16.26 cM. Using software MapMaker/QTL, two putative QTLs, namely qLTSPS2 and qLTSPS5 on chromosomes 2 and 5 were detected by interval mapping, which could explain the phenotypic variation 15.6% and 11.9% respectively. The additive effects were 0.021 and 0.045, dominant effects were -0.246 and -0.215, and the degrees of dominance were 11.7 and 4.8, respectively for the two QTLs. Therefore, the mode of gene action in response to low-temperature stress was overdominance and LTSPS was mainly the result of interaction between the indica and japonica alleles within each locus. In addition, two-way ANOVA showed that the two QTLs acted essentially independent of each other in conditioning LTSPS.

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