Oligonucleotide quartz crystal microbalance sensor for the microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae)

M Lazerges, H Perrot, E Antoine, A Defontaine, C Compere
Biosensors & Bioelectronics 2006 January 15, 21 (7): 1355-8
We report the immobilization on a gold surface of a 20-base DNA probe labeled with disulfide group and on the selective hybridization with the complementary 20-base DNA strand. The oligonucleotide probe is the complementary strand of a partial sequence of the gene encoding for a large ribosomal RNA sub-unit which is a coding sequence of Alexandrium minutum DNA, a microalgae that produces neurotoxins responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning on European and Asian coasts. The kinetics of DNA probe immobilization and hybridization were monitored in situ by using a 27 MHz quartz crystal microbalance under controlled hydrodynamic conditions. The frequency of the setup is stable to within a few hertz, corresponding to the nanogram scale, for 3h and makes it possible to follow frequency change from immobilization of the probe to hybridization of the complementary DNA target. This setup constitutes a biosensor, which is sensitive and selective, and the hybridization ratio between hybridized complementary DNA and immobilized DNA probes is 47%.

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