N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP): reference range for Chinese apparently healthy people and clinical performance in Chinese elderly patients with heart failure

Xiaomin Shi, Guobing Xu, Tiean Xia, Yixin Song, Qing Lin
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 2005, 360 (1): 122-7

BACKGROUND: N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been found to be a useful marker for the diagnosis of heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. We established a reference range for Chinese apparently healthy people based on age and gender and evaluated the clinical performance of NT-proBNP in the diagnosis of asymptomatic and symptomatic HF.

METHODS: A group of 442 apparently healthy subjects were enrolled for reference range study. For the clinical performance study, serum NT-proBNP and clinical data were analyzed in 111 elderly patients with HF and 60 normal elderly controls. Serum NT-proBNP was measured by the Roche Elecsys 2010 immunoassay analyzer.

RESULTS: NT-proBNP reference range in Chinese people based on age and gender was <83.72 ng/l for men and <131.6 ng/l for women aged <or=60 years, and <158.17 ng/l for men and <205.54 ng/l for women aged >60 years, which were lower than those for western countries. NT-proBNP had a close correlation with New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification (r=0.818) and LVEF (r=-0.636). The ROC curve analysis revealed an AUC of 0.921 for the diagnosis of HF, 0.840 for asymptomatic HF (NYHA I) and 0.951 for symptomatic HF (NYHA II-IV). The optimal cutoff values for detecting HF, asymptomatic HF and symptomatic HF were 102.2, 102.2, and 204.8 ng/l, respectively. NT-proBNP had high positive predictive value (PPV) for the diagnosis of HF (96.8%), asymptomatic HF (90.3%) and symptomatic HF (90.9%), but low negative predictive value (NPV) for diagnosing HF and asymptomatic HF (74.0% and 78.1%, respectively) except symptomatic HF (93.3%).

CONCLUSIONS: Chinese people have lower reference range of serum NT-proBNP. NT-proBNP assay has a good clinical performance for the diagnosis of symptomatic HF but is not suitable as a screening test for HF.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"