Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase by phenolic (3E)-4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)but-3-en-2-one in RAW 264.7 macrophages

Lo-Ti Tsao, Pei-Shan Tsai, Ruey-Hseng Lin, Li-Jiau Huang, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Jih-Pyang Wang
Biochemical Pharmacology 2005 August 15, 70 (4): 618-26
The large amount of nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) contributes to cellular injury in inflammatory disease. In the present study, a novel synthetic compound (3E)-4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)but-3-en-2-one (HPB) was found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO generation, but not through the inhibition of iNOS activity, in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Administration of HPB into mice also inhibited the LPS-induced increase in serum nitrite/nitrate levels. To evaluate the underlying mechanisms of HPB inhibition of NO generation, the expression of the iNOS gene in RAW 264.7 macrophages was examined. HPB abolished the LPS-induced expression of iNOS protein, iNOS mRNA and iNOS promoter activity in a similar concentration-dependent manner. LPS-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) DNA binding and NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene activity were both significantly inhibited by HPB. This effect was mediated through the inhibition of inhibitory factor-kappaBalpha (IkappaBalpha) phosphorylation and degradation, and of p65 nuclear translocation. HPB had no effect on the LPS-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). However, HPB suppressed the LPS-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. These results indicate that HPB down-regulates iNOS gene expression probably through the inhibition of LPS-induced intracellular ROS production, which has been implicated in the activation of NF-kappaB.

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