Treatment of gout and crystal arthropathies and uses and mechanisms of action of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

S B Abramson
Current Opinion in Rheumatology 1992, 4 (3): 295-300
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic actions. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the preferred class of agents for the treatment of gout and other crystal-induced arthropathies. The use of colchicine for other than the prophylaxis of acute attacks is discouraged owing to side effects, which include death. The inhibition of the enzyme prostaglandin H synthase by most nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs explains many of their effects and toxicities. However, it is likely that additional biologic actions are important. These include the inhibition of the transcription of the gene for prostaglandin H synthase, a direct central effect on peripheral inflammation, and the modulation of the functions of a variety of cells (eg, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and chondrocytes). This review focuses on the current controversy in the treatment of gout and discusses the recent literature on the actions of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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