JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of atorvastatin in a rat model of adjuvant-induced arthritis

Michele M Barsante, Ester Roffê, Celina M Yokoro, Wagner L Tafuri, Danielle G Souza, Vanessa Pinho, Maria Salete De A Castro, Mauro M Teixeira
European Journal of Pharmacology 2005 June 15, 516 (3): 282-9
15970284
Statins exert favorable effects on lipoprotein metabolism but may also possess anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we explored the effects of atorvastatin in a model of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rat. Oral treatment with atorvastatin (1-10 mg/kg) from days 10 to 15 after arthritis induction caused inhibition of the increase in paw volume. Maximal inhibition occurred at a dose of 10 mg/kg. At this dose, atorvastatin markedly ameliorated the histopathological findings of joints obtained from day 16 of arthritic animals. This was mirrored by an effective blockade of neutrophil influx, as assessed by the tissue myeloperoxidase levels. The concentrations of the cytokines interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha and the chemokines CCL5 and CCL2 were significantly decreased in arthritic rats treated with atorvastatin. In contrast, the levels of interleukin-10 were enhanced by the drug treatment. The drug also prevented the hypernociception observed in the inflamed joints. These data clearly illustrate the therapeutic potential of a statin-sensitive pathway in inflammatory arthritis.

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