JOURNAL ARTICLE

TLR-2 gene Arg753Gln polymorphism is strongly associated with acute rheumatic fever in children

Afig Berdeli, Handan Ak Celik, Ruhi Ozyürek, Buket Dogrusoz, Hikmet Hakan Aydin
Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte" 2005, 83 (7): 535-41
15968536
The recently described family of toll-like receptors (TLRs) is a key player in host immunity by mediating inflammatory reactions against a wide range of pathogens. Mutations and polymorphisms in TLRs have revealed the importance of TLRs in human defence against diseases. TLR-2 is reported to interact with different bacterial structures, including lipoproteins, peptidoglycan and lipoteichoic acid. To assess the role of TLR-2 gene polymorphism in acute rheumatic fever (ARF) etiopathology, 61 independent Caucasian Turkish patients and 91 child and 116 adult controls were studied. Antistreptolycin O, C-reactive protein, sedimentation and white blood cell counts were studied to evaluate the clinical characteristics of the patients. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood using a standard column extraction technique. The Arg753Gln and Arg677Trp polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism. The PCR products for the TLR-2 gene were analysed on 1.5% agarose gel pre-stained with ethidium bromide. Compared with healthy adult controls, the Arg753Arg genotype was significantly decreased in the entire group of ARF cases [odds ratio (OR) 0.01, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.0034-0.031, p<0.0001]. Significantly, ARF patients were just 16 times more frequent with Gln allele (OR 15.6, 95% CI 7.87-30.8, p<0.0001). Moreover, evidence for an intensifying effect of the Gln allele was noteworthy when patients with Arg753Gln genotype were compared with healthy controls (OR 97.1, 95% CI 32.5-290, p<0.0001). However, no Arg677Trp polymorphism was detected in either patients or controls. Our data suggest that there is strong evidence for the biological role of TLR-2 in ARF. The common TLR-2 Arg to Gln polymorphism at position 753 significantly contributes to the pathogenesis of ARF. These results will allow the construction of a profile of individuals prone to ARF and may assist in developing new therapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15968536
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.