A hybrid approach for quantification of aortic valve stenosis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography

Dariusch Haghi, Theano Papavassiliu, Gabor Kalmar, Meike Schroder, Wolfgang Neff, Jens J Kaden, Ute Muller, Karl K Haase, Martin Borggrefe, Tim Suselbeck
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2005, 7 (3): 581-6

BACKGROUND: Doppler-derived calculation of aortic valve area (AVA) using the continuity equation can be difficult at times, e.g. due to poor acoustic windows, heavy calcification of the aortic valve, or significant flow acceleration in the left ventricular outflow tract. The aim of this study was to compare AVA as assessed by means of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) with a hybrid approach, where the Doppler-derived numerator in the continuity equation was replaced by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) determination of stroke volume.

METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients admitted for evaluation of aortic stenosis underwent transthoracic echocardiography and CMR determination of stroke volume within a time period of 3 weeks. Additionally, continuous-wave Doppler spectra of the aortic valve were acquired immediately after the CMR examination.

RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference for mean AVA between the two methods (0.88 +/- 0.23 cm2 by the standard continuity equation versus 0.86 +/- 0.23 cm2 by the hybrid approach, p = 0.55; r = 0.73, p < 0.01). The mean difference was 0.02 cm2 and the limits of agreement were -0.32 to 0.36. Only 2 patients were classified differently by the two methods. Intraobserver and interobserver variability and reproducibility were superior for the hybrid approach.

CONCLUSION: The hybrid method for determination of AVA is an excellent alternative to the standard approach by TTE.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"