COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

A hybrid approach for quantification of aortic valve stenosis using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography

Dariusch Haghi, Theano Papavassiliu, Gabor Kalmar, Meike Schroder, Wolfgang Neff, Jens J Kaden, Ute Muller, Karl K Haase, Martin Borggrefe, Tim Suselbeck
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2005, 7 (3): 581-6
15959971

BACKGROUND: Doppler-derived calculation of aortic valve area (AVA) using the continuity equation can be difficult at times, e.g. due to poor acoustic windows, heavy calcification of the aortic valve, or significant flow acceleration in the left ventricular outflow tract. The aim of this study was to compare AVA as assessed by means of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) with a hybrid approach, where the Doppler-derived numerator in the continuity equation was replaced by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) determination of stroke volume.

METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients admitted for evaluation of aortic stenosis underwent transthoracic echocardiography and CMR determination of stroke volume within a time period of 3 weeks. Additionally, continuous-wave Doppler spectra of the aortic valve were acquired immediately after the CMR examination.

RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference for mean AVA between the two methods (0.88 +/- 0.23 cm2 by the standard continuity equation versus 0.86 +/- 0.23 cm2 by the hybrid approach, p = 0.55; r = 0.73, p < 0.01). The mean difference was 0.02 cm2 and the limits of agreement were -0.32 to 0.36. Only 2 patients were classified differently by the two methods. Intraobserver and interobserver variability and reproducibility were superior for the hybrid approach.

CONCLUSION: The hybrid method for determination of AVA is an excellent alternative to the standard approach by TTE.

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