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Effect of cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase, on skeletal muscles from normal and mdx mice

A Divet, A-M Lompré, C Huchet-Cadiou
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 2005, 184 (3): 173-86
15954985

AIM: In this study, we investigated Ca2+ loading by the sarcoplasmic reticulum in skeletal muscle from mdx mice, an animal model of human Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, at two stages of development: 4 and 11 weeks.

METHOD: Experiments were conducted on fast- (extensor digitorum longus, EDL) and slow- (soleus) twitch muscles expressing different isoforms of Ca2+-ATPase, which is responsible for the uptake of Ca2+ by the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

RESULTS: In sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles, the ATP-dependent activity and sensitivity to cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase, were similar in mdx and normal EDL muscle. Furthermore, in chemically-skinned fibres from both normal and mdx muscles, the presence of CPA induced a decrease in Ca2+ uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum. However, the sensitivity to CPA was lower in mdx EDL muscle than in normal muscle. In addition, in EDL muscle from 4-week-old mdx mice, the expression of the slow Ca2+-pump isoform (SERCA2a) was significantly increased, without any accompanying change in slow myosin expression. In contrast, the expression and function of the Ca2+-ATPase in mdx soleus muscles at 4- and 11-weeks of development did not differ from those in age-matched controls.

CONCLUSION: These findings show that in dystrophic muscle, where the Ca2+ homeostasis was perturbed, the Ca2+ handling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum was altered in fast-twitch muscle, and this was associated with the expression of the slow isoform of SERCA. In these muscles, reduced Ca2+ uptake could then contribute to an elevated concentration of Ca2+ in the cytosol, and also to Ca2+ depletion of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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