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Evaluation of a monoclonal antibody-based competition ELISA for the diagnosis of human hydatidosis

D Liu, M W Lightowlers, M D Rickard
Parasitology 1992, 104: 357-61
An antibody competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using 4 different monoclonal antibodies (MAb) raised against major antigens (Antigen 5 and Antigen B) of Echinococcus granulosus was evaluated for the diagnosis of human hydatidosis. The competition assay, using anti-Ag5 MAb 24.14, detected specific antibodies in 70% (131/188) of sera from patients with surgically confirmed E. granulosus infection and 38.5% (10/26) of sera from patients with E. multilocularis infection. None of the sera from patients with Taenia solium cysticercosis (10), T. saginata (2), filariasis (22), strongyloidiasis (19), fascioliasis (4), bilharziasis (4) and amoebiasis (2) tested were positive using a cut-off point established through reaction between MAb 24.14 and normal human sera. The combined use of the MAb 24.14-based competition ELISA with the conventional antibody-binding assay provides a highly sensitive (92.8%) and specific screening system for human hydatid disease diagnosis.

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