JOURNAL ARTICLE

Leukotriene receptor blocker montelukast protects against burn-induced oxidative injury of the skin and remote organs

Göksel Sener, Levent Kabasakal, Sule Cetinel, Gazi Contuk, Nursal Gedik, Berrak C Yeğen
Burns 2005, 31 (5): 587-96
15935562
Thermal injury elicits several systemic consequences, among them the systemic inflammatory response where the generation of reactive oxygen radicals and lipid peroxidation play important roles. In the present study, we investigated whether the leukotriene receptor blocker montelukast is protective against burn-induced remote organ injury. Under brief ether anaesthesia, shaved dorsum of the rats was exposed to 90 degrees C (burn group) or 25 degrees C (control group) water bath for 10 s. Montelukast (10 mg/kg) or saline was administered intraperitoneally immediately after and at the 12th hour of the burn injury. Rats were decapitated 24 h after burn injury and the tissue samples from lung, liver, kidney and skin were taken for the determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and collagen contents. Tissues were also examined microscopically. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels and creatinine, urea (BUN) concentrations were determined to assess liver and kidney function, respectively. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were also assayed in serum samples. Severe skin scald injury (30% of total body surface area) caused a significant decrease in GSH level, which was accompanied with significant increases in MDA level, MPO activity and collagen content of tissues. Similarly, serum ALT, AST and BUN levels, as well as LDH and TNF-alpha, were elevated in the burn group as compared to control group. On the other hand, montelukast treatment reversed all these biochemical indices, as well as histopathological alterations, which were induced by thermal trauma. Findings of the present study suggest that montelukast possesses an anti-inflammatory effect on burn-induced damage in remote organs and protects against oxidative organ damage by a neutrophil-dependent mechanism.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15935562
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"