JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dynamics of viremia in early hepatitis C virus infection

Simone A Glynn, David J Wright, Steven H Kleinman, Dale Hirschkorn, Yongling Tu, Charles Heldebrant, Richard Smith, Cristina Giachetti, James Gallarda, Michael P Busch
Transfusion 2005, 45 (6): 994-1002
15934999

BACKGROUND: It is important to characterize viral dynamics in early hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to further our understanding of viral pathogenesis and the potential for secondary transmission in acute infection through blood transfusion or other routes.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Serial units given by 77 source plasma donors who had evolved from HCV RNA-negative to HCV RNA-positive by nucleic acid amplification technology (NAT) screening with 512-unit pool-NAT or were followed from RNA detection to antibody conversion were tested by individual NAT and quantitative RNA assays.

RESULTS: During the ramp-up phase when exponential growth occurs, HCV viral load doubled every 10.8 hours (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.9-12.0). Intermittent viremia was observed before the ramp-up phase in 37 of 50 panels with the earliest detectable viremic bleed occurring 63 days before the estimated onset of ramp-up. The plateau phase or high-titer viremic period that occurs between ramp-up and seroconversion was estimated to last 56.3 days (95% CI, 44.8-67.8).

CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent low-level HCV viremia can occur as much as 2 months before the periods of exponential increase in viral load and the high-titer plateau-phase viremia that usually precede seroconversion. Animal inoculation studies are in progress to evaluate if transfusion of low-level viremic plasma can transmit HCV infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15934999
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"