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Insights into interactions between the alpha-helical region of the salmon calcitonin antagonists and the human calcitonin receptor using photoaffinity labeling

Vi Pham, Maoqing Dong, John D Wade, Laurence J Miller, Craig J Morton, Hooi-Ling Ng, Michael W Parker, Patrick M Sexton
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2005 August 5, 280 (31): 28610-22
15929987
Fish-like calcitonins (CTs), such as salmon CT (sCT), are widely used clinically in the treatment of bone-related disorders; however, the molecular basis for CT binding to its receptor, a class II G protein-coupled receptor, is not well defined. In this study we have used photoaffinity labeling to identify proximity sites between CT and its receptor. Two analogues of the antagonist sCT(8-32) containing a single photolabile p-benzoyl-l-phenylalanine (Bpa) residue in position 8 or 19 were used. Both analogues retained high affinity for the CT receptor and potently inhibited agonist-induced cAMP production. The [Bpa(19)]sCT(8-32) analogue cross-linked to the receptor at or near the equivalent cross-linking site of the full-length peptide, within the fragment Cys(134)-Lys(141) (within the amino terminus of the receptor, adjacent to transmembrane 1) (Pham, V., Wade, J. D., Purdue, B. W., and Sexton, P. M. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 6720-6729). In contrast, proteolytic mapping and mutational analysis identified Met(49) as the cross-linking site for [Bpa(8)]sCT(8-32). This site differed from the previously identified cross-linking site of the agonist [Bpa(8)]human CT (Dong, M., Pinon, D. I., Cox, R. F., and Miller, L. J. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 31177-31182) and may provide evidence for conformational differences between interaction with active and inactive state receptors. Molecular modeling suggests that the difference in cross-linking between the two Bpa(8) analogues can be accounted for by a relatively small change in peptide orientation. The model was also consistent with cooperative interaction between the receptor amino terminus and the receptor core.

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