JOURNAL ARTICLE

Activation of the ERK1/2 signaling cascade by excitotoxic spinal cord injury

Chen-Guang Yu, Robert P Yezierski
Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 2005 August 18, 138 (2): 244-55
15922485
The role of the ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway and related transcription factors in the regulation of gene expression and pain behavior following excitotoxic spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined. Specifically, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, activation of transcription factors NF-kB, ELK-1, and CREB, and gene expression of the neurokinin-1 receptor and NMDA receptor subunits NR1 and NR-2A were investigated. Excitotoxic injury was produced by intraspinal injection of quisqualic acid (QUIS) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Western blots were used to evaluate phosphorylation and activation of ERK1/2 and transcription factors using phospho-specific or total antibodies. Real-time PCR was used to evaluate gene expression of NK-1R, NR-1, and NR-2A. Assessment of excessive grooming behavior was used to evaluate the presence of spontaneous pain behavior. Excitotoxic spinal injury resulted in: (1) increased phosphorylation of ERK1/2; (2) increased activation of NF-kB and phosphorylation of ELK-1; and (3) increased gene expression for the NK-1 receptor and NR1 and NR-2A subunits of the NMDA receptor. Blockade of the ERK cascade with the MEK inhibitor PD98059 inhibited phosphorylation of ELK-1, activation of NF-kB and gene expression of NR1, NR-2A and NK-1R, and prevented the development of excessive grooming behavior. The results have shown that excitotoxic spinal injury leads to the injury-induced activation of the ERK-->ELK-1 and NF-kB signaling cascades and transcriptional regulation of receptors important in the development of chronic pain. Blockade of this intracellular kinase cascade prevented the onset of injury-induced pain behavior.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15922485
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"