JOURNAL ARTICLE

Shb promotes blood vessel formation in embryoid bodies by augmenting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta signaling

Charlotte Rolny, Lingge Lu, Nina Agren, Ingrid Nilsson, Cheryl Roe, Gene C Webb, Michael Welsh
Experimental Cell Research 2005 August 15, 308 (2): 381-93
15919073
The mechanisms controlling blood vessel formation during early embryonal development have only partly been elucidated. Shb is an adaptor protein previously implicated in the angiogenic response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). To elucidate a possible role of Shb in embryonic vascular development, wild-type and SH2 domain mutated (R522K) Shb were overexpressed in murine embryonic stem (ES) cells. Embryoid bodies (EBs) differentiating from Shb-overexpressing ES cells in vitro were stained for CD31 or VEGFR-2 to visualize the formation of vascular structures. We found that Shb promotes the outgrowth of blood vessels in EBs both in the absence and presence of growth factors. This response may be the consequence of an increased number of VEGFR-2 positive cells at an early stage of EB development, a finding corroborated by both immunostaining and real-time RT-PCR. In addition, Shb overexpression upregulated the expression of PDGFR-beta, CD31, CD41 and Tal1. Cells co-expressing VEGFR-2 and PDGFR-beta were commonly observed when Shb was overexpressed and inhibition of PDGF-BB signaling reduced the amount of VEGFR-2 mRNA under these conditions. EBs expressing the Shb R522K-mutant did not form vascular structures. Microarray analysis of VEGFR-2/CD31 positive cells after 6 days of differentiation revealed numerous changes of expression of genes relating to an endothelial/hematopoietic phenotype in response to Shb overexpression. The findings suggest that Shb may play a crucial role during early ES cell differentiation to vascular structures by transducing VEGFR-2 and PDGFR-beta signals.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15919073
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"