Factors associated with the household contact screening adherence of tuberculosis patients

Songpol Tornee, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Wijitr Fungladda, Udomsak Silachamroon, Pasakorn Akarasewi, Pramuan Sunakorn
Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 2005, 36 (2): 331-40
A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore factors associated with the adherence of tuberculosis patients in bringing their household contacts to a TB clinic in Bangkok, Thailand. During the study period, May to December 2003, 325 sputum-smear-positive tuberculosis patients were recruited into the study. Of the 325 eligible tuberculosis patients, 169 (52.00%, 95% Cl = 47.00-57.00) brought their household contacts to the TB clinic. Psychosocial and cues to action factors were examined as indicators of the household contact screening adherence of tuberculosis patients. The results reveal that the household contact screening adherence of tuberculosis patients was significantly associated with a higher perceived susceptibility (Adjusted OR = 2.90, 95% Cl = 1.18-7.16), lower perceived barriers (Adjusted OR = 4.60, 95% CI = 1.99-10.60), a higher intention to bring the contacts to the TB clinic (Adjusted OR = 3.35, 95% Cl = 1.44-7.76), and a short distance from home to the TB clinic (Adjusted OR = 11.47, 95% Cl = 4.57-28.79). The results from this study provide information for TB clinic staff for developing an appropriate intervention program. Through effective intervention and active policy enforcement, a higher percentage of household contact screening adherences can be achieved.

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