Genetic mapping of maize stripe disease resistance from the Mascarene source

J Dintinger, D Verger, S Caiveau, A-M Risterucci, J Gilles, F Chiroleu, B Courtois, B Reynaud, P Hamon
TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 2005, 111 (2): 347-59
Maize stripe virus (MStV) is a potentially threatening virus disease of maize in the tropics. We mapped quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling resistance to MStV in a maize population of 157 F(2:3) families derived from the cross between two maize lines, Rev81 (tropical resistant) and B73 (temperate susceptible). Resistance was evaluated under artificial inoculations in replicated screenhouse trials across different seasons in Réunion Island, France. Composite interval mapping was employed for QTL detection with a linkage map of 143 microsatellite markers. Heritability estimates across seasons were 0.96 and 0.90 for incidence and severity, respectively, demonstrating a high genotypic variability and a good control of the environment. Three regions on chromosomes 2L, 3 and 5, with major effects, and another region on chromosome 2S, with minor effects, provided resistance to MStV in Rev81. In individual seasons, the chr2L QTL explained 60-65% of the phenotypic variation for disease incidence and 21-42% for severity. The chr3 QTL, mainly associated with incidence and located near centromere, explained 42-57% of the phenotypic variation, whereas the chr5 QTL, mainly associated with severity, explained 26-53%. Overall, these QTLs explained 68-73% of the phenotypic variance for incidence and 50-59% for severity. The major QTLs on chr2 and 3 showed additive gene action and were found to be stable over time and across seasons. They also were found to be included in genomic regions with important clusters of resistance genes to diseases and pests. The major QTL on chr5 appeared to be partially dominant in favour of resistance. It was stable over time but showed highly significant QTL x season interactions. Possible implications of these QTLs in different mechanisms of resistance against the virus or the insect vector are discussed. The prospects for transferring these QTLs in susceptible maize cultivars and combining them with other resistances to virus diseases by conventional or marker-assisted breeding are promising.

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