Reducing the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty: the effect of orientation of the acetabular component

R Biedermann, A Tonin, M Krismer, F Rachbauer, G Eibl, B Stöckl
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume 2005, 87 (6): 762-9
Malposition of the acetabular component is a risk factor for post-operative dislocation after total hip replacement (THR). We have investigated the influence of the orientation of the acetabular component on the probability of dislocation. Radiological anteversion and abduction of the component of 127 hips which dislocated post-operatively were measured by Einzel-Bild-Röentgen-Analysis and compared with those in a control group of 342 patients. In the control group, the mean value of anteversion was 15 degrees and of abduction 44 degrees. Patients with anterior dislocation after primary THR showed significant differences in the mean angle of anteversion (17 degrees), and abduction (48 degrees) as did patients with posterior dislocation (anteversion 11 degrees, abduction 42 degrees). After revision patients with posterior dislocation showed significant differences in anteversion (12 degrees) and abduction (40 degrees). Our results demonstrate the importance of accurate positioning of the acetabular component in order to reduce the frequency of subsequent dislocations. Radiological anteversion of 15 degrees and abduction of 45 degrees are the lowest at-risk values for dislocation.

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