JOURNAL ARTICLE

Decreased glucagon-like peptide 1 release after weight loss in overweight/obese subjects

Tanja C M Adam, Johan Jocken, Margriet S Westerterp-Plantenga
Obesity Research 2005, 13 (4): 710-6
15897480

OBJECTIVE: Postprandial glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) release seems to be attenuated in obese subjects. Results on whether weight loss improves GLP-1 release are contradictory. The aim of this study was to further investigate the effect of weight loss on basal and postprandial GLP-1 release in overweight/obese subjects.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-two overweight/obese subjects participated in a repeated measurement design before (BMI, 30.3 +/- 2.8 kg/m2; waist circumference, 92.6 +/- 7.8 cm; hip circumference, 111.1 +/- 7.4 cm) and after a weight loss period of 6 weeks (BMI, 28.2 +/- 2.7 kg/m2; waist circumference, 85.5 +/- 8.5 cm; hip circumference, 102.1 +/- 9.2 cm). During weight loss, subjects received a very-low-calorie diet (Optifast) to replace three meals per day. Subjects came to the laboratory fasted, and after a baseline blood sample, received a standard breakfast (1.9 MJ). Postprandially, blood samples were taken every one-half hour relative to intake for 120 minutes to determine GLP-1, insulin, glucose, and free fatty acids from plasma. Appetite ratings were obtained with visual analog scales.

RESULTS: After weight loss, postprandial GLP-1 concentrations at 30 and 60 minutes were significantly lower than before weight loss (p < 0.05). Glucose concentrations were also lower, and free fatty acids were higher compared with before weight loss. Ratings of satiety were increased, and hunger scores were decreased after weight loss (p < 0.05).

DISCUSSION: In overweight/obese subjects, GLP-1 concentrations after weight loss were decreased compared with before weight loss, and nutrient-related stimulation was abolished. This might be a response to a proceeding negative energy balance. Satiety and GLP-1 seem to be unrelated in the long term.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15897480
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"