Model of Alzheimer's disease amyloid-beta peptide based on a RNA binding protein

Venkatarajan S Mathura, Daniel Paris, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Amita Quadros, Nikunj S Patel, Deepak N Kolippakkam, Claude-Henry Volmar, Michael J Mullan
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2005 July 1, 332 (2): 585-92
Although Alzheimer's Abeta peptide has been shown to form beta-sheet structure, a high-resolution molecular structure is still unavailable to date. A search for a sequence neighbor using Abeta(10-42) as the query in the Protein Data-Bank (PDB) revealed that an RNA binding protein, AF-Sm1 from Archaeoglobus fulgidus (PDB entry: 1i4k chain Z), shared 36% identical residues. Using AF-Sm1 as a template, we built a molecular model of Abeta(10-42) by applying comparative modeling methods. The model of Abeta(10-42) contains an antiparallel beta-sheet formed by residues 16-23 and 32-41. Hydrophobic surface constituted by residues 17-20 (LVFF) separates distinctly charged regions. Residues that interact with RNA in the AF-Sm1 crystal structure were found to be conserved in Abeta. Using a native gel we demonstrate for the first time that RNA can interact with Abeta and selectively retard the formation of fibrils or higher-order oligomers. We hypothesize that in a similar fashion to AF-Sm1, RNA interacts with Abeta in the beta-hairpin (beta-turn-beta) structure and prevents fibril formation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"