COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

In situ hybridization evidence for the coexistence of ASIC and TRPV1 within rat single sensory neurons

Shinya Ugawa, Takashi Ueda, Hisao Yamamura, Shoichi Shimada
Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 2005 May 20, 136 (1-2): 125-33
15893596
The activation of nociceptors by protons plays a crucial role in the initiation and maintenance of acidosis-linked pain. Acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) and transient receptor potential/vanilloid receptor subtype-1 (TRPV1) encode proton-activated cation channels expressed by nociceptors and the opening of these channels results in nociceptor excitation. Histological relations among ASIC clones and the colocalization of each ASIC subunit and TRPV1 within single sensory neurons were examined on serial sections of rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) using in situ hybridization histochemistry. ASIC1a transcripts were expressed in 20-25% of the DRG neurons, and most of the neurons had small (<30 microm)-diameter cell bodies. ASIC1b transcripts and ASIC3 transcripts were expressed in approximately 10% and 30-35% of the DRG neurons, respectively, and the greater part of each population was located in small-to-medium (30-50 microm)-diameter cells. The ASIC1a transcripts and ASIC1b transcripts were basically localized in the distinct populations of the DRG neurons, while approximately 20% of the ASIC1a-positive neurons and approximately 10% of the ASIC1b-positive neurons expressed ASIC3 transcripts. TRPV1 transcripts were expressed in 35-40% of the DRG neurons, and most of the TRPV1-positive neurons had small-diameter cell bodies. Intense expression signals for ASIC1a transcripts were detected in 40-45% of the TRPV1-positive neurons. Neurons expressing both ASIC1b and TRPV1 transcripts were barely detected in the DRG. Approximately 30% of the TRPV1-positive neurons expressed ASIC3 transcripts, and the double-labeled neurons were comprised of both small-diameter and medium-diameter cells. Approximately 13% of the TRPV1-positive neurons expressed both ASIC1a and ASIC3 transcripts.

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