JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Anatomical radical retropubic prostatectomy: 'curtain dissection' of the neurovascular bundle.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the topographical relationship of the cavernosal nerves (CNs) to seminal vesicles, prostate, rhabdosphincter and urethra during the development of the prostate, and to use the resulting morphological data to modify the surgical technique of nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 29 male fetuses (gestational age 9-37 weeks) and eight adult specimens assessed anatomically and histologically. Using the plastination technique and anatomical dissection, the course of the CNs was investigated in all specimens. Based on these morphological results, the technique of dissecting the CNs during nerve-sparing radical retropubic prostatectomy was modified.

RESULTS: During early fetal development the fibres of the CNs enclose the prostatic and membranous urethra dorsally and laterally. During the growth of the prostate, the CNs running along the prostate become displaced further anteriorly and spread, thus forming a concave shape (like a 'curtain') of the neurovascular bundles (NVB). Therefore, dissection of the NVB has to start anteriorly to preserve all the nerve fibres that are spread along the surface of the lateral lobes of the prostate.

CONCLUSIONS: From these anatomical findings we propose a modified 'curtain dissection' to improve preservation of the CNs running in the NVB, in which the incision of the periprostatic fascia and dissection of the NVB is far more anterior than previously described.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app