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[Dizziness-vertigo. Alarming symptoms in vertebrobasilar ischemia. Part II]

András Fazekas
Ideggyógyászati Szemle 2005 January 20, 58 (1-2): 4-8
15884393
Dizziness and vertigo--like headache--are the most common complaints which lead patients to visit the doctor. In spite of the headache--which may be primary (e.g. migraine) or symptomatic--dizziness and vertigo do not appear to be a separate nosologic entity but rather the symptoms of several neurological disorders. For differential diagnosis, interdisciplinary thinking and action is needed because the vestibular, neurological and psychiatric disorders might have a common role in the development of symptoms and further overlapping can also occur. The vascular disorders of the vertebrobasilar system are discussed in detail in this review. The importance, occurrence and causes of vertigo as a warning symptom is in the focus. The author draws attention to life-threatening conditions with acute onset in cases of the posterior scale ischemia and emphasizes the importance of the correct and early diagnosis. The author tries to clear up the nihilistic aspect in treating of stroke and stresses the necessity of thrombolysis and interventional radiological procedures which may be the only chance for the recovery of the patients. The pharmacological prevention of recurrent vascular events is also important and obligatory for the clinicians.

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