[Genetic and phenotypic analysis of heterogeneous population of a cold-adapted donor of the A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) attenuation and of the donor-based reassortant influenza vaccine strains]

I V Kiseleva, A I Klimov, E P Grigor'eva, N V Larionova, G I Aleksandrova, L G Rudenko
Voprosy Virusologii 2005, 50 (2): 14-8
Cold-adapted (CA) temperature sensitive and attenuated virus A/Leningrad/134/17/57 (H2N2) (Len/17) has been recently used in Russia as a donor of internal genes in the preparation of reassortant vaccine strains of CA live influenza vaccine (LIV) for all age groups. The Len/17 population was found to be heterogeneous and to be made up of clones, which differ by combinations of mutations in internal genes. Around 50% of the Len/17 population had clones with all 8 coding mutations in internal genes. The others were made up of clones with mutation combinations, which were different from the original Len/17. The PCR restriction method was used to analyze 5 clones of Len/17 and 8 LIV vaccine strains. There were no Ala-86-Thr mutation in the M2 protein in 4 clones and 3 vaccine strains. The PB-1 gene of 4 clones and 3 vaccine strains had a mutation encoding Met-317-IIe more typical of a more attenuated virus A/Leningrad/134/47/57 (H2N2) (Len/47). The NP protein of a clone had a mutation Leu-341-IIe also typical of Len/47. However, neither the absence of mutation in the M2 gene nor an extra mutation in the PB1 gene affected the attenuation extent of reassortant CALIV.

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