Resveratrol-mediated activation of cAMP response element-binding protein through adenosine A3 receptor by Akt-dependent and -independent pathways

Samarjit Das, Arpad Tosaki, Debasis Bagchi, Nilanjana Maulik, Dipak K Das
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2005, 314 (2): 762-9
A recent study documented a role of adenosine A(3)-Akt-cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) survival signaling in resveratrol preconditioning of the heart. In this study, we demonstrate that resveratrol-mediated CREB activation can also occur through an Akt-independent pathway. Isolated rat hearts were perfused for 15 min with Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate (KHB) buffer containing resveratrol in the absence or presence of adenosine A(3) receptor blocker MRS-1191 [3-ethyl-5-benzyl-2-methyl-4-phenylethynyl-6-phenyl-1,4-(+/-)-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicar-boxylate], phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase inhibitor LY294002 [2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one hydrochloride], mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase inhibitor PD098059 [2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one], or a combination of LY294002 and PD098059. All hearts were subsequently subjected to 30-min ischemia followed by 2-h reperfusion. Cardioprotection was examined by determining infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and ventricular recovery. Resveratrol phosphorylated both Akt and CREB that was blocked by MRS-1191, which also abolished cardioprotective abilities of resveratrol. LY294002 completely inhibited Akt phosphorylation but partially blocked the phosphorylation of CREB. Inhibition of PI3-kinase also partially blocked resveratrol's ability to precondition the heart. PD098059 partially blocked the phosphorylation of CREB and resveratrol-mediated cardioprotection. Preperfusing the hearts with LY294002 and PD098059 together completely abolished the phosphorylation of CREB, simultaneously inhibiting resveratrol-mediated cardioprotection. The results indicate that resveratrol preconditions the hearts through adenosine A(3) receptor signaling that triggers the phosphorylation of CREB through both Akt-dependent and -independent pathways, leading to cardioprotection.

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