Protocatechuic aldehyde suppresses TNF-alpha-induced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Zhe Zhou, Yong Liu, Ai-Dong Miao, Sheng-Qi Wang
European Journal of Pharmacology 2005 April 18, 513 (1): 1-8
Adhesion molecules, which play a crucial role in the development of atherogenesis, are produced by endothelial cells following stimulation with various inflammatory cytokines. The current studies examined the effect of a potent water-soluble antioxidant, protocatechuic aldehyde (derived from the Chinese herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza), on the expression of adhesion molecules in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Protocatechuic aldehyde appeared to specifically downregulate the TNF-alpha-induced cell surface expression of vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on HUVECs as well as the release of soluble VCAM-1and ICAM-1 from HUVECs in a dose-response manner at pharmacologically relevant concentrations (0.15-1.35 mM). We also observed a dose-dependent lowering of mRNA expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in the presence of protocatechuic aldehyde. Furthermore, protocatechuic aldehyde (0.15, 0.45, and 1.35 mM) notably inhibited TNF-alpha-induced upregulation of U937 cell adhesion to HUVECs to 83.7%, 60.9%, and 40.8%, respectively. A gel shift assay further showed that protocatechuic aldehyde inhibited the TNF-alpha-activated NF-kappaB and AP-1 DNA binding activities in a dose-dependent manner. Collectively, these results indicate that protocatechuic aldehyde inhibits TNF-alpha-stimulated VCAM-1 and ICAM-1expression in HUVECs through a mechanism that involves NF-kappaB and AP-1.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"